IZATES II

IZATES II, called Zotos in the Midrash (Gen. R. 46:10), king of adiabene (c. 35–60 C.E.). In his youth, Izates was sent by his father to the court of Abnerigos, king of Mesene, where he received his education. He married Samakhos (or Simakho), the king's daughter, and was appointed ruler of Ḥaran by his father through the efforts of his mother helena . Although Izates was the youngest son, he succeeded his father as king of Adiabene. While still in Mesene he became attracted to Judaism, like his mother, and on the occasion of a famine in Ereẓ Israel, they both gave considerable help to the hungry. He sent five of his sons to Jerusalem, "that they should acquire a thorough knowledge of our ancestral language and ethics" (Jos., Ant., 20:51f., 71). His conversion aroused opposition in Adiabene and his opponents, in a desire to depose him, called on Abias, king of Arabia, for assistance. After a temporary setback Izates succeeded in defeating his opponents and attacked Abias, who committed suicide rather than be taken captive. In general Izates' foreign policy was prudent and was directed toward preserving the independence of his country. He avoided involvement in the wars between the two great powers of his day, the Roman Empire and Parthia, to whose overall authority he was subject. He pursued this policy when the Parthian king Vardanes demanded his participation in war against Rome. When he refused, Vardanes threatened him with war but was assassinated before he could implement his threat. Later the nobility of Adiabene requested Vologases I, king of the Parthians, to appoint a new king, and Vologases made preparations to invade the country. However, external events compelled him to change his plans. On Izates' death, he left 48 sons and daughters, but bequeathed the throne to his brother, monobaz ii . When Helena (who was then living in Jerusalem), learned of his death she hastened back to Adiabene but died there shortly after. Monobaz transferred the remains of his mother and brother to Jerusalem, burying them in the mausoleum built by Helena north of Jerusalem and called "the tombs of the kings" (or, by Jews, "the cave of Kalba Savu'a"). In the Roman war many of Izates' sons fought on the side of the Jews and were put in chains after their surrender. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Schuerer, Gesch, 3 (19094), 169–73; M.Kon, Kivrei ha-Melakhim (1947); Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 5 (19512), 45–9; Schalit, in: Annual of the Swedish Theological Institute, 4 (1965), 163–81. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • IZATES — Adiabenorum Rex cum Helena sorore et uxore Iudaismum amplexus, fame saeviente, in Iudaeos munificus exstitit Fil. Monobazi, cogn. Bazaei. Ioseph. Antiqq. l. 20. c. 2. Oros. Izatem cum coniuge Christianos facit. A. C. 45 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Izates II — (fl. 1st cent)    King of Adiabene (c.35 60)    In his youth he was sent by his father to the court of Abnerigos, King of Mesene. There he was attracted to Judaism, as was his mother, Helena. His conversion to the Jewish faith aroused… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Izates bar Monobaz — Izates II or Izates bar Monobaz (also known as Izaates) (ca. 1 55 CE) was a proselyte to Judaism who became King of the Parthian client kingdom of Adiabene. He was the son of Queen Helena of Adiabene and Monobaz I. During his youth he was sent by …   Wikipedia

  • Izates bar Monobaz — Izates II o Izates bar Monobaz (mejor conocido como Izaates) (vivió entre los años 1 55 d. C.) fue un prosélito del Judaísmo que se convirtió en Rey de los Partos y cliente principal del reino de Adiabene. Fue hijo de la reina Helena de Adiabene… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Izatès III — Titre Rois d Adiabène v. 68 – v. 71 Prédécesseur Monobaze II Successeur inconnu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Izates I. (Adiabene) — Izates I. († 15/30 n. Chr.) war Anfang des ersten Jahrhunderts nach Chr. König von Adiabene, einem assyrischen Königreich in Mesopotamien und wurde zum Stammvater einer dort bis 116 nach Chr. regierenden Dynastie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Izatès Ier — Titre Rois d Adiabène v. 15 – ? Prédécesseur inconnu Successeur Monobaze Ier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monobaze II — Titre Rois d Adiabène Prédécesseur Izatès II Successeur Izatès III Biographie Dynastie Monob …   Wikipédia en Français

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